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Hagia Sophia Museum

If any western visitors wanted to visit Hagia Sophia prior to Fossati restoration, they needed a “firman”, a special permit from the sultan which was…

Hagia Sophia Mosaics

Hagia Sophia was beautifully decorated with mosaics within the centuries during Byzantine period. These mosaics depicted Virgin Mary, Jesus, saints and emperors or empresses. The…

North Tympanum

These mosaics are located on the left balustrade above the upper gallery, below the two rows of windows of the tympanum. They depict John Chrysostom…

Apse Mosaic

Located at the east end of the church, at a high point in the apse, it depicts Virgin Mary sitting on a backless throne decorated…