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Hagia Sophia Hagia Sophia Mosque Nov 25, 2014

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In the Depths of Hagia In the Depths of Hagia
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Constantine's Church Constantine's Church
Theodosius II's Church Theodosius II's Church
Justinian's Church Justinian's Church
Hagia Sophia Mosque Hagia Sophia Mosque
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Mosaics Mosaics
Imperial Door Mosaic Imperial Door Mosaic
Southwestern Vestibule Southwestern Vestibule
North Tympanum North Tympanum
Apse Mosaic Apse Mosaic
Emperor Alexander Emperor Alexander
Empress Zoe Empress Zoe
Comnenus Comnenus
Deesis Deesis
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Architecture Architecture
Hagia Sophia Dome Hagia Sophia Dome
Loge of Empress Loge of Empress
Marble Door Marble Door
Sultan's Lodge Sultan's Lodge
Mahmut I's Library Mahmut I's Library
Marble Jars Marble Jars
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Tombs of Hagia Sophia Tombs of Hagia Sophia
Tomb of Sultan Mehmet III Tomb of Sultan Mehmet III
Tomb of Sultan Mustafa I Tomb of Sultan Mustafa I
Tomb of Sultan Selim II Tomb of Sultan Selim II
Tomb of Sultan Murat III Tomb of Sultan Murat III
Tomb of Princes Tomb of Princes
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Hagia Sophia Mosque - Hagia Sophia

 
The prophet of God in Muslim religion, Muhammad, had prophesied that the first Muslim to pray in Hagia Sophia would go to paradise. Since then, it was a great ambition for Muslim leaders to get Hagia Sophia.

On 29 May 1453, The Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmet II, conquered Constantinople after a 54 day siege. He directly went to the ancient Byzantine cathedral of Hagia Sophia. When he saw a man hacking the stones of the church and saying that this was a temple for infidels, Mehmet II ordered the looting to be stopped and the church to be converted into a mosque.

With the following years, Sultans added something to the building. Sultan Bayezid ordered a new minaret changing the previous one of his fathersí. In the 16th century, Suleiman the Magnificent brought two colossal candles from Hungary to be placed on both sides of the mihrab. To the end of the 16th century during the reign of Selim II, famous architect Sinan strengthened the building by adding structural supports to its exterior. He also built two minarets on the western end of the building and the mausoleum of Selim II to the southeast of the building. In 1600s, two mausoleums were added next to Selim IIís: Murad III and Mehmed III.

Two restorations were done in Hagia Sophia at the following years. In 1739, during the reign of Mahmud I, a medrese, a kitchen to distribute poor, and a library, and in 1740 a fountain for ritual ablutions were built.
Hagia Sophia Mosque - Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia Mosque - Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia Mosque - Hagia Sophia
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Hagia Sophia Mosque - Hagia Sophia

 

 
Sultanahmet Meydani No: 1

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